What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is one of the significant causes of blindness in people above 60 and is the most frightening eye disorder. It is a group of eye conditions, often caused by increased Intra Ocular Pressure (IOP) in the eye, damaging the optic nerve. Glaucoma, which has no warning signs, can occur at any age but is prevalent in older people. Some of the symptoms are a sudden decrease in vision, extreme pain in the eye, headache, nausea, vomiting, and redness in the eye. It’s advisable to contact the Glaucoma specialist if these symptoms persist.
Types of Glaucoma
Individuals with a family history of Glaucoma and those above 40 years should go for a regular checkup. People with Diabetes, who’re on long-term steroids and have had any physical injury to the eye, should also consider a checkup. Glaucoma is of two types—Open-angle and closed-angle.
Open-angle glaucoma is the most common, and it builds up fluid in the eye due to a blockage in the trabecular meshwork, leading to elevated eye pressure. Whereas closed-angle glaucoma, also known as acute angle-closure glaucoma, is the most severe type because it is considered a medical emergency. The iris blocks part of the angle of the eye so fluid cannot drain properly, leading to a sudden increase in eye pressure.
Early detection and treatment are preferable to treat optic nerve damage and restore clear vision. Our center is fully equipped with appropriate technology and expertise to manage all cases of Glaucoma so that timely treatment can be provided and control the disease.
In some patients, Glaucoma can be managed and treated by medications only. Uncontrolled cases may have to undergo Laser, or Surgical treatment since vision loss from glaucoma is permanent but can be prevented with early treatment.
Reach out to us today to schedule an eye exam to determine if glaucoma is silently stealing your vision.